Chapter 9 - Yoga of Supreme Knowledge and Supreme Secret
Said Lord Supreme, To you who is not envious of Me, I am now declaring the most secretive knowledge along with wisdom by knowing which you will be released from the misery of inauspicious material existence.
This is a very superior science and highly
enigmatic. It is very sacred, supreme, directly attainable through
righteousness, very easy to practice and inexhaustible.
O Paramtapa, those who are not sincerely interested
in this dharma, return to the path of mortal existence, without attaining
The whole cosmic manifestation is pervaded by Me by
My unmanifest form. All beings exist in Me though I am not in them.
These beings do not exists in Me. Look at my mystic
richness. Although I am the bearer and creator of all the beings , My Self
does not exist in any of the cosmic manifestations.
Know that just as the mighty air moving everywhere
is always situated in the sky, so do all these beings exist in Me.
O son of Kunti, at the end of each kalpa (time
cycle) all beings enter My Prakriti (Creative Energy) and at the beginning
of every kalpa I create them again.
Holding My Nature under my control, I create hordes
of beings again and again who are under the control of nature.
O Dhananjaya these works do not bind Me as I am
situated without any attachment and without any interest.
Under My control Nature manifests the whole
creation, both the moving and the unmoving, and because of this only the
whole world revolves.
When I assume the human form, the deluded fools do
not know Me as the Lord of all Beings, not knowing My transcendental nature
With deluded hopes, deluded actions and deluded
knowledge, perverted, they take shelter in the demonic, wicked and deluded
The great men O Partha, who have partaken Divine
Nature, worship Me without thinking of anything else, knowing Me as the
Primal Being and the Inexhaustible.
Always singing about Me, striving with
determination, offering me obeisance, My devotees worship Me continuously.
Others worship Me through the Yoga of Knowledge as
One or as Many, as the Universal Form with faces in all directions.
I am kratu (Vedic ritual), I am yagna (sacrificial
ceremony), I am svadha (an offering in the sacrificial ceremony), I am
medicine, I am the Mantra (the sacred chant), I am adyam (fuel in the Yagna),
I am Agni (fire) and I am hutam (the burnt remains of an offering in the
I am the Father of the whole world, its Mother,
Upholder and Grand Father also. I am the sacred knowable form of OM and I am
also the three Vedas- Rigveda, Yajurveda and Samaveda.
I am the Directions, the Sustainer, Lord, Witness,
Abode, Refuge, Companion, Origin, Destruction, the Resting Place and the
I am the source of heat. I with hold and send forth
the rain. I am the giver of immortality and death. I am both Reality and
Unreality, O Arjuna.
The knowers of the three Vedas, drinkers of soma
juice, purified of their sins, perform sacrifices and worship Me, praying
for safe passage to heaven. By virtue of their pious deeds they attain the
world of Indra and enjoy divine pleasures in heaven.
After enjoying the heavenly pleasures and
exhausting their merits, they return to the mortal world. Thus following the
injunctions laid down in the three Vedas desiring sense enjoyments, they go
back and forth between the earth and the heavenly world.
Those who worship Me always without thinking of
anything else and those who are constantly engaged in devotion, I consider
it as My personal responsibility to look after their personal and spiritual
Even those devotees who worship other gods
sincerely and steadfastly, they too worship Me only , O Kaunteya, though
improperly and inappropriately.
I am indeed the enjoyer of all sacrificial
ceremonies and their Lord. But these men, not knowing the truth, fall down.
Those who worship gods go to gods. Those who
worship ancestors go their ancestors. Those who worship the elements go to
the elements. But those who worship Me come to Me only.
Whatever that is offered to me with great devotion
whether it is a leaf, a flower, a fruit or water, that offering of the pure
soul I accept.
O Kaunteya, whatever you do, whatever you eat,
whatever you offer or give away, whatever penances you perform, O Kaunteya,
offer all that to Me.
Thus established in the yoga of renunciation you
will become free from the bondage of karma caused by the fruits of good and
bad actions and, being liberated, you will come to Me.
I am equally situated in all beings. There is none
who is particularly hateful to me or dearer to Me. But those who worship Me
with devotion I am in them and they are in Me.
Even if a man of sinful conduct worships Me with
undisturbed devotion, he should be regarded as a saintly person because he
is has made the right resolve.
Such a person promptly becomes a righteous soul and
attains eternal peace. O Kaunteya, know for sure that My devotees shall
O Partha, by taking refuge in Me, even those born
of sinful wombs, women, vaishyas (merchants), sudras (the fourth caste in
the Vedic caste system) also attain the highest state.
Then what to speak of the pious brahmins and the
devoted kings who worship Me! Having come into this world of impermanence
and unhappiness you should worship Me alone.
Constantly think of Me, become My devotee, worship
Me only and offer your respects to Me. By constantly repeating My name in
your heart and established in Me, you will definitely come to Me.
Thus ends the nineth chapter named The Yoga of Supreme Knowledge
and Supreme Secret in the Upanishad of the divine Bhagavad-Gita , the knowledge of the
Absolute, the yogic scripture, and the debate between Arjuna and Lord Krishna.